There has not been a World War in almost seventy years, but anger and violence still exist.
There are regional wars, terrorist attacks, international and inter-racial and inter-religious wars.
There is the ongoing danger of nuclear attacks.
Within the United States there are gang shootings, school and other mass shootings, and there continues to be physical and verbal abuse within families and bullying at schools.
It is possible that human nature itself makes anger and aggression necessary. This may be an human version of the tension between opposites visible throughout all of nature.
Even if this is true, It is also possible that some aggression can be prevented. If there is hope for the level of anger and violence in the world to go down, understanding of the roots and source and nature of anger and violence and aggression should be useful and even necessary.
“Why do you think the United States is having so much trouble with school shootings?”
(Important: The answer must be from a psychological perspective. For example, for this essay, it is not relevant to discuss whether or not there are too many guns in the United States.)
First Prize: $1000
Second Prize: $500
Third Prize: $250
Five Honorable Mentions: $50 each
August 1, 2016
There are two formats that will be accepted:
Format 1. Essays.
Essays must be 500 to 1,200 words.
They must be in English.
They must be typed into the Submission Form below.
(They have to be in English, because the judges only read and speak English).
Format 2. Media presentations
Any media presentation must last no longer than five minutes.
The presentations, if verbal, must be in English or have English subtitles.
They must be uploaded via the Submission Form.
1. The essay will be submitted no later than August 1, 2016. The results will be posted at the top of this page no later than December 15, 2016.
2. Please do not enter if your main goal in entering is to win the prize. Please do not enter if you are simply summarizing ideas from other people. Please submit an essay only if you feel you have a significant and original and creative contribution to make to this year’s subject and if the subject touches you and moves you to write. [The goal of the contest is to help with the problems of anger and violence in the world and in ourselves and our relationships.]
3. The ideas in the essay will be original to the author, though it is possible to quote others. No plagiarism is allowed.
4. If there are quotations, Citations and Bibliography are required and do not count towards the 1,200 words.
5. There can be more than one author for a submission, but only one author will be taken as primary, and any prize money will go to this primary author. It is up to the primary author to split any prize money with the other authors of the essay in accordance with any agreement they have.
6. If the judges, upon careful consideration, do not find that there is an essay or media presentation worthy of one or more of the prizes, this prize (or prizes) will not be given. Decisions of the judges are final.
7. The sponsors and judges cannot guarantee that all essays will be read!
They can only guarantee that the first 200 essays submitted will be read. (This is because the judges are volunteers.)
The judges will read as many as they can, so they may be able to read more than 200, but they cannot guarantee that they will.
So, if possible, please submit early!
We will update this page at different intervals if we begin to approach the 200 to indicate how many submissions have been received to date.
At some point, if the number of submissions becomes overwhelming, the contest will be closed even if this is before August 1, 2016. Notification will be given at the top of this page.
This is the third year of the contest. It is hoped that this year’s contest will be successful and that next year there will be more volunteer judges and that it will be possible to read all submissions, no matter how many.
8. Payment to winners will be through PayPal or Western Union and can only be sent to countries serviced by one or the other of these two companies. In the United States, payment can be made via bank check.
It is possible, in some cases, if a person in a country other than the U.S. does not want to be paid by PayPal or Western Union, that another legal method can be found. It is up to the submitter to indicate on the Submission Form any alternate method of payment they might be willing to accept and to check if it is a viable method between the two countries.
9. Payments will be subject to all the rules and restrictions of PayPal or Western Union (or of any other company from which a payment might be issued).
Any fees or taxes or duties from these companies or from the United States or from the country of the prize winner will come from the prize money itself. That is, winners are responsible for all such fees, taxes, duties, etc.
10. If the sponsors, after sincere attempts, can not get the correct contact/payment information of a winner or if payment can not be sent and/or received for any reason, after one year from the date of the announcement of winners, the prize money will revert back to the contest’s general fund.
11. All essays will remain the property of the authors, however, entering into the contest is an acknowledgment that any essay (winning or non-winning) can be (though not necessarily will be) published on this site, at no charge to this site or to the sponsors of the contest, but with the name of authors clearly given. Such essays may be edited for publication.
12. Each year there will be a Summary Article of useful ideas from the essays submitter. Submitting an essay is an acknowledgement that one of your ideas may be mentioned in the Summary Article without your specific acknowledgement to you.
13. Submissions will not have been published or accepted for publication or submitted for publication at the time of their submission to this contest. (An exception will be for publications on an author’s own website where no money has been charged for the essay.)
14. If, for any reason, the contest is forced to be called off (for example, if there are two few submissions) or if prizes are not able to be distributed for any reason, the owners and operators of this web site and the organizers and sponsors of the contest will not be held liable.
It goes without saying that the intention of all involved is for the contest to proceed without serious problems. However problems can develop, especially for a small and new contest such as this one — For example, the contest could come to an abrupt end if a sponsor or judge dies.
15. As this is the third of these contests on the psychology of anger and violence, and it is relatively new to all involved in running it, it may become necessary to change the rules in mid-stream.
We hope this will not happen or, if it does, that it will have minimal impact, but the sponsors are trying to think of worst case scenarios.
16. Any questions or problems regarding the submissions may be expressed to the sponsors through the Contact Form of this website. If at all possible, these concerns will be addressed and corrected.
17. Please note that no feedback on individual submissions will be possible. The judges wish they could respond individually to each submission. This would be ideal but not possible.
18. For further details and the 2016 Submission Form please click here
Please contact the sponsors through the Contact Form on this site.
Comradejuliusofafrica-The Writers Bureau.
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