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n an effort to encourage youth participation in regional integration affairs, the Southern African Development Community (SADC) launched the 17th edition of the SADC Secondary Schools Essay Competition, which is open to all secondary school students in the region. The topic and marking criteria are available below.

The topic for the SADC Secondary School Essay Competition for 2016 is: Transformation of Natural Endowment and Improved Human Capital will accelerate Industrialisation in SADC Economies

This topic is derived from the 35th ordinary Summit of SADC Heads of State and Government which is: “Accelerating Industrialisation of SADC Economies through Transformation of Natural Endowment and Improved Human Capital.”
Discuss how these would result in sustainable economic development.

Marking Guidelines:
The essay should not be more than 2000 words and not shorter than 1000 words. The deadline for submission of entries to the Secretariat is 31 May 2016.
Where entrants have access to computers it is advised that they type their entries and submit both soft and hard copies. They may sign and initial the hard copies to make sure that they have not been altered.
The set questions below are meant to guide entrants when responding to the question above. In answering the main question above, answer all the questions listed below.
1.     Describe the natural resources of economic benefits for each SADC Member States. (20)
2.     Discuss the key requirements needed to facilitate industrialisation in the Region (Such as infrastructure etc…) (15)
3.     Discuss the role of Science, Technology and Innovation in supporting Industrialisation in the SADC Region. (20)
4.     As a secondary school learner, identify key critical and scarce skills which are required to advance Industrialisation in the SADC Region. (15)
5.     What do you think should be improved in the Education Sector in order to prepare the learner to participate and contribute effectively in the Economy? (15)
6.     What role should be played by the non-state actors, private sector, Nongovernmental Organisations, traditional authorities and local communities in the Education and Training Sector to ensure that the skills and competences are relevant for the Economy and Social Development? (15)

The three selected essays from each Province will be forwarded to the Department of Basic Education by 30 April 2016.

The SADC Secretariat has allocated a sum of US $ 1000 as prize money for the national winners of the competition in each Member State. The prize money will be divided as follows:
•     US $ 500 for the first prize
•     US $ 300 for the second prize
•     US $ 200 for the third prize
Each candidate will receive the equivalent of the prize money in Rands. The three national winning essays will be forwarded  to the SADC Secretariat for consideration in the regional competition.
Eligibility Criteria:
 · Applicants must reside in SADC region
·  Applicants must be  currently attending secondary school,
·  Essays must not be more than 2000 words but not less than 1000 (Ariel 1.5 line spacing for typed essays),
·  Submissions must be the unaided work of applicants,
·  Submissions should be in English,
·  The name of entrants should be the same as those that appear on the Identification Document (ID) or Passport,
·   Applicants must be willing and fit to travel.
To submit an entry:
All entries should be submitted to your Provincial Education Department before 15 April 2016.

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